A topiary for beginners is an important and necessary feature in the garden.. out of so many basic features which should be in the garden, the topiary is one of them.
Topiary means to shape a particular plant’s morphological growth by pruning scissors or secateurs. Like a square, Triangle, any bird shaped like a peacock, or an animal shaped like an elephant, etc.
One thing as a beginner you should know is that all plants are not topiary friendly we need to select a plant that has an optimum dense growth of the branches.
So whenever we shape the plant we don’t see any Hollow cavities or see-through parts in between branch areas. Because the uneven look will not satisfy proper topiary appearance.
There are some plant varieties that are topiary-friendly. Among them, some grow very fast or regularly like ficus, Duranta, etc.
Where some grow very slowly like Ixora dwarfs but they give an excellent appearance after pruning or shaping them in a long run.
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How to do good topiary or proper pruning or shaping of plants
For a good topiary, you need to have well-grown plants for it. Now, which plant do you need for a topiary, list of plants is provided below.
Why all plant is not able to make topiary because we select plants that grow dense their branches grow very close and have bulky leaf growth. Such plants are ideal to train for the desired shape.
First, you need to have basic tools like pruning scissor secateurs or petrol Run pruning shears, etc.
While pruning after a certain time spent scissors get sticky or had some plant material on them. This may result in uneven cuts or shapes also. Hence you need to clean your cuttings tools in between ongoing work with a wet cloth or you can wash it with water also and alcohol can be used.
We should apply proper lubricant in the joint for the free moving of the tools while pruning.
It’s always good to buy standard tools for pruning like scissors, long pruners,s, etc because tools from good brands come with nicely tempered Edges.
They give desired desire cut and don’t have dents in the edges too quickly.
One can do proper maintenance of such tools by themself by learning from experts also.
But we need to be careful while doing so. because these edgy tools may cut or harm your body while maintenance. Keep away children from these tools.
When these tools are not in use you can put them in a proper place or cupboard. But don’t forget to apply pruner oil on them, to avoid oxidation/rusting of that tools.
Pruning-friendly Topiary plants for beginners in India
Thuja (Mayur Pankh)
Casurina – It’s basically a tree variety but due to its small leaflets, you can train it in a good shape like entry gates, peacocks, etc.
Some hybrid varieties of Hibiscus with dense growth can be used for topiary pruning.
Nowadays people are also Using Conocarpus ( But it sucks more underground water so select wisely)
Mehndi plant ( Lawsonia inermis )
Tecoma- For Big wall flowering hedges Road facing walls (plant Tecoma inside the wall )
Some of the above plants are also useful for the hedges also. These plants are good for topiary for beginners
Why pruning is necessary
As one of the gardening practices pruning seems a small one but it’s very important. It’s very effective in both large trees, and shrubs or plants or in young or small plants also. but you must know which plant needs pruning and how much percent of pruning is needed. Hafezard pruning may lead to damage to plants or trees.
It’s safe and healthy for the plant/tree and shrubs.
Benefits of topiary making
So as management of topiary is concerned, indirectly it also helps good health and look of the plants.
It improves structural integrity.
As you start shaping the plant it also removes the excess weight on the particular plant.
Which stops plants from becoming imbalanced.
As rodent pests and insects are more common in unpruned plants. So topiary practice helps reduce the risk of diseases of infestation.
How to maintain (clean)/Topiary pruning tools
It consists of cleaning, getting all the sap off, sharpening, oiling, and disinfecting tools.
To disinfect your tools you can use alcohol or a bleach solution, We can use alcohol while ongoing pruning to make plant twigs infestation free.
After cleaning you can use oil for better working and to stop rust on tools. Usually, people use palm oil or available oils at home. But it’s better to use WD-40 or Prunner oil for the good life of tools.
Apply this oil on the joints, edges, and springs of the pruning tools.
At last, when you don’t have clear cuts with your tools do check for sharpening of the edges, you can use hand files to edge the tools.
During starting days of the planting, it required more water.
When plants start blooming make more intervals in between watering.
Dark red color Wilson, Bravo, distinction
Light and temperature are important for the growth and flowering of this plant. Usually, it grows morphologically in a long day and short night span timing. And blooms on short days and long nights ( winter).
So it is categorized as a short-day plant.
Night temperature from 10 celsius to 12 celsius is good for it.
It loves well-drained, goradu (loamy), besar, and medium black soil. Ph around 6.5 is best. Soil with good organic matter is good for better flowering.
Select the plot where you want to grow these seasonal plants. flood water it. Then after it dries to some extent remove the weed grown in it, now let it dry till you can softly dig the soil, and do shallow digging of the plot. after that let it dry for two to three days.
Now spread vermicompost, apply a very light dose of DAP granules with urea in 2:1 proportion, and now water it, You can now plant the seedlings or plants on the same day or the next day.
Now do shallow water daily but keep in mind not to overwater it.
It is usually propagated by suckers, shoot cuttings, and seeds.
1. Suckers: This is the easiest method to grow chrysanthemums. Naturally, suckers grow around the main plant. This sucker needs to detach/uproot with roots without damaging the main plant. This can be used for new plantations.
The benefit of using this method is it has already grown roots system. Which enables plants to establish themselves quickly.
2. Shoot cutting –
In this method first, a well-grown plant gets pruned after harvest to size leaving 15-20cm. Then news branches start to grow. Frown these branches we have to cut 5-8 cm long top shoots.
Leaves from the bottom of the shoot need to remove, from around two to three internodes.
Now deep them in a 100ppm IBA ( Indol Butyric Acid) or 200pmm NAA (Naphthalic Acetic Acid) for half a minute. Now plant them in a prepared bed.
Water them regularly. The plant will be ready to plant in a pot, bad, or farm within 3-4 weeks.
Usually, seasonal chrysanthemum varieties bear seeds. To collect disease-free seeds. Select a healthy infestation-free plant. Collect seed from it.
Dry them in the sunlight. Now pack them in a jar or box. During a new season in September-October, you can grow seedlings from it. Seedlings will be ready to plant in pot or farm around 4 weeks.
Perennial chrysanthemums can be planted by sucker or shoot cuttings during the last week of July to September. As per the variety, you can plant them in a big plot by a distance of 30*30 cm or 5*45 cm distance.
Usually in the state of Gujarat seasonal type chrysanthemum is used for planting in Octo-Nov after planting seedlings and using a distance of 30*30cm.
For a 10-12inch diameter pot mixture you can mix up to 100-200 grams of FYM/Compost fertilizer and as a base fertilizer before sowing or after settling of the plant urea can be given 20-30 grams of urea can be mixed into the soil mixture.
Dahlia and Chrysanthemum are among the best flower which grows good produce nice lasting flowers that have attractive colors and varieties, good for a home garden and for commercial use as cut flowers.
Referance: Fruit and Flower (ફળ અને ફૂલ), Sardar Smriti Kendra, Junagadh
Note: Use agricultural and gardening chemicals with expert advice, read the product manual before use and storing and keep away from children
Synopsis: A Selection one lawn is the best low maintenance lawn grass in India. It requires less effort in maintaining, and less fertilizer requirement compared to other lawn grass, Whenever you first-time plant makes the best soil for it as described in this article here for long-term good lawn health and the best appearance. And very less termite problems also. It’s smooth while walking and seating also.
There are some lawns has low maintenance aspects but among them, the selection of one is the best low maintenance lawn grass in India.
There are different kinds of lawns available in the Indian markets and among them, some are very well for gardening use.
Like selection one, paspalum and carpet lawn etc.
You can usually see this in most of the gardens in India due to its less costly maintenance.
It has limited fertilizer requirements, not too many termites problem, is easy while mow for a lawn machine and is less thick than other lawns.
Grows dense yet you can easily rake.
Selection one is the best low-maintenance lawn grass In India and the best-suited lawn for the garden in India.
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For its healthy look following are the best practices to do :
1. Two times a year treatment of urea. On an interval of six months. Time can be just before the start of rain and during the mid-winter. Total fertilizer requirements can be divided into two schedules.
2. Mornings are the best time to water them. Avoid watering during hard sunlight. If you can’t manage the morning time you can water your lawn at the end of hard sunlight.
3. To maintain the green look of the lawn mow it at intervals of 10-12 days. Or it increases by one inch.
4. For general insects and termites you can spray neem oil on the lawn.
If this does not work spray chlorpyriphos or take expert advice.
5. Thatching the lawn two times a year is good. You can use a coring machine before Fertigation of the lawn for better reach of the nutrient.
In case of maintenance and suitability to the weather, it is the best option. Except for too much shade, you can plan it in any of your garden areas, public gardens, community gardens, temple gardens etc…
What it needs is a good amount of sunlight water and fertilizer like other plants.
But how to make it low maintenance lawn?
So the secret that how you plan it before planting.
You brought the lawn planned it, leveled your space, and showed on it This is not like this.
There is a proper planting method. you need to follow it First is how to make the base soil for it.
Here is the method :
First, draw the plan and decide the area in which you are going to plan a lawn Now check that the soil tor debris, grass and wanted shrubs, some grasses with stubborn nature need to remove the roots Sweep the area Removal of grass.
Removal of the debris. Removal of the buried stumps and root zones of the plants or weeds needs to remove.
Now dig the soil manually if there is small and big area move the tractor cultivator and then the rotavator (which make the soil block particulate which helps in leveling the soil)
Let dry this soil for at least two to three days Find the stone or any hard materials in there collect and remove it which may damage the lawn mower machine in the future.
Now do flood water in the whole area. Now check for the new seed to sprout. Remove them wait for a few days and do at least three wedding rounds at a time. Before leveling the area by Hand hoe (Pawda) or by tractor leveler in case of a big area.
This is all you need to do before planting the lawns it is a one-time process. Aftercare is very easy in the case of the Selection of one lawn while leveling always check for the soil gradient for better drainage. of the water. Water logging can kill the lawn.
One must know the basics of the soil before starting lawn planting.
Brief soil making for Low maintenance lawn grass in India:
What is topsoil :
In most of the studies, you’ll find that topsoil is the fertile live part of the soil which it is fertile, reason is it contains most of the hummus and it is living because it supports millions of bacteria. they change the various materials in the plant foods.
Usually, the thickness of this layer ranges from two inches in chalky soil to several feet in old, well-tended gardens.
Whenever you dig the soil keep in mind that this humus layer should be turned over, not buried under the subsoil.
What is subsoil?
It lies under the topsoil. It is usually kind of dead-like and unfertile. You can easily identify it by its lighter colour, due to the lack of humus. Whenever you dig the soil keep in mind that it should not be brought to the surface.
So when you start making soil for planting lawn keep this to soil type while moving plough (if needed) or rotavator or manual digging.
How do check you soil is well-drained?
The first step in improving your soil is to assess the drainage in your garden. You can find out by taking the next easy test.
At the base of the garden, create a hole that is 2 feet square and 2 feet deep. See how much water is still present at the bottom of the hole one week after a period of rain.
No water in the hole – Drainage satisfactory (no help needed).
Some rainwater is still present at the bottom – The drainage is unsatisfactory (Double dig the soil.
Hole partly filled with water, some having seeped in from surrounding soil – Drainage really bad (You need a method of drainage improvement)
It’s a little bit hard when you read this but after studying and making soil your lawn is going to flourish more than your neighbour. Even after less effort. The best soil gives the best results.
For the base application of fertilizers for the lawn, you can use DAP, Compost and Vermicompost. If you apply all three together it will give the best results.
After complete growth in the first six months, you can apply urea only or vermicompost if you don’t want to use chemical fertilizers. And at the end of the year spread new earth soil mixed with urea or vermicompost.
So you will get the best result.
You can use NPK fertilizers like 19:19:19also it can provide a balanced supplement for the lawn and not act hard on the lawn, You can apply is water solution as a drenching or spray application also. Spray application gives green look to the lawn.
You don’t need to buy costly nutrition products to maintain your lawn. We described what to do and when to do it.
These are the tried methods for gardens we writing about here.
If you have a query don’t forget to write to us we will try our best to solve your query.
Don’t look further when you search for effective and safe insect and pest killers in your garden and plants. There is a neem oil for plants there it is going to solve your problem.
It’s a good biopesticide. One of the best neem oil uses is neem oil extracted from neem seed. It’s a natural pesticide it is usually found in seeds of the neem tree. The fruit changes color from yellow to brown. Bitter in taste. It’s getting used as a pesticide for decades back.
But on a large scale, it’s a little bit difficult because it has a short shelf life, photosensitivity, and volatilization.
One of the best neem oil uses harvested/made from seeds from the tree. As far as we know it has been used as a pesticide for hundreds of years.
Neem (Azadirachta Indica) is an evergreen tree species native to India. As discussed above Neem oil is a natural derivative of the neem tree, so it’s natural and organic. But we should always avoid overuse of it.
In India, People are using its leaves and flower juice in summer to avoid heat stroke in summer and for better health. It usually helps to improve the immune system and detoxify the blood.
Another Neem oil uses to make products like:- Cosmetics Shampoo Soap
Synthetic pesticides can leave toxic residue behind that is harmful to the environment. Whereas neem oil is biodegradable and non–toxic.
It’s safe for other living beings around, It degrades after rain and under ultraviolet rays.
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Neem oil uses for plants
It is used as soil drenching which acts as both fertilizers and as a pesticide. Because it gets absorbed into the plant.
If any plant is going through root rot neem oil can prevent the further spreading of diseases.
In the case of nematodes neem oil also works by preventing larvae from hatching.
Neem oil is not as harmful to Earthworms as chemical pesticides.
It works as a repellent so it can be used for preventive measures in advance. One can spray two or one times a week. Just check for your plant that after spraying they are ok.
Formulation of dust, wettable powders, and granules can be made from neem oil for gardening and agriculture use.
While using it, always read label instructions to avoid exposure.
No data exactly was found that shows children are more sensitive to neem oil than adults.
Neem oil uses for pest control – do read below:
In the United States, neem-based BPCs were first approved for use on non-food crops in 1985. After subsequent testing, the environmental protection agency (EPA) regulated the use of Dihydroazadirachtin (DAZA), a reduced derivative of azadirachtin for use on food crops. In 1996 the EPA exempted raw agricultural commodities from meeting DAZA residue requirements, as long as the chemical is applied as an insect growth regulator or antifeedant at no more than 20gms/acre with a maximum of seven applications per growing season (EPA, 1997). The EPA only allows this exemption if approved commercial production products are used, food products treated with homemade extracts would not meet those requirements- Reference – https://winrock.org/factnet-a-lasting-impact/fact-sheets/use-of-neem-as-a-biological-pest-control-agent
Effects on the environment
Azadirachtin quickly breaks down in the soil. Its half-life in the soil is around 3-44 days.
Neem oil uses are non-toxic to Birds, Mammals, bees, and plants. And a little bit toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms.
How it works. It usually disturbs the hormone cycles of the insects, thus they can’t grow and lay eggs. It also helps to reduce nematode feeding.
But the exact role of all neem oil components is not known. Exactly inorganic fertilizers are made for farmers for easy application, to provide sufficient nutrients.
But problems occur when overuse starts to suppress its use of it. Overlimit use of non-recommended dose overrules may occur as toxic effects for both plants and soil.
Now the best part is to day pests have never built resistance against most organic fertilizers, neem is no different.
Always it’s good to apply neem oil in the early morning or late evening. If sprayed while the hard sun you may observe leaf burning.
If used within its limit it’s not harmless.
How to spray neem oil
Better to have protective wear, gloves, and a mask.
Garden spray, one container to make a mixture, water, neem oil, and mild dishwashing detergent liquid.
How to make neem oil for plants
First, take water in a bucket then add liquid dish wash mix them well and then add oil, mix thoroughly.
Neem oil for plant dosage: Use around 4 liters of water and one tablespoon of neem oil, and a pinch of mild dishwashing liquid. Better to have protective wear, gloves, and a mask.
Or does it as directed by the product manual?
You need Garden spray, one container to make a mixture, water, neem oil, and mild dishwashing detergent liquid.
We use neem oil spray and while we make it we add some liquid soap, there is a chemistry behind it when we add mild detergent into the water it allows the water and oil to mix.
Because naturally water and oil don’t mix, so we need such an emulsifying agent. And such diluted detergent also acts as a garden pesticide.
If you are applying for preventive purposes you can spray it at intervals of 7-10 days, and if there is an infestation, reapply for a few days and spray like plenty till it drips off the plants. Don’t forget to wear gloves.
Find neem oil for plants online
IFFCO neem oil for plants:
Doctor Neem+ is used to protect plants from sucking pests such as Mealybugs, Aphids, Mites, etc. A first of its kind, this combination product brings in active ingredients from Neem, Pongamia, and Lemongrass, leveraging the goodness of all 3 in a single product. Pre-Emulsified, Doctor Neem+ is 100% Water Soluble. An organic and eco-friendly product, its regular use renders pest-free plants. Link: https://www.indiamart.com/proddetail/iffco-urban-gardens-doctor-neem-23087327562.html
Don’t use it in extreme weather like too cold or too hot.
Don’t make too much in advance for regular use, always make fresh one to get better results.
It’s a kind of fungicide you can use on fungal problems in the plant.
If the plant is not in good health or surviving replanting or else avoid spraying neem oil.
Not to use on too young plants.
Tools and stuff you used in neem oil spraying keep this safe away from the reach of children.
Disadvantages of buying Manufactured neem oil – it may contain some additional chemical compounds also, so they are not useful and can harm the plant also.
Some of these products also contain low amounts of Azadirachtin. We can make a solution by buying neem extract oil and then making it as described above.
Use neem oil biweekly for preventive measure
You can buy ready-to-spray neem oil insecticide from a shop or can make neem oil spray as described.
Neem oil and its pure content get used in more than a hundred pest control products. We should always follow instructions on the product labels to use.
Other neem oil uses like fertilizer
By product of neem oil that is neem cake is a very good nutrient source. By using it in the soil as fertilizer we can avoid root rot and other infections also.
Neem oil kills
Aphids, mealy bugs, whiteflies, Japanese beetles, leafhoppers, thrips, fungus gnats, and other garden pests like spider mites and nematodes. Neem oil can also kill fungal diseases like powdery mildew, black spot, scab, anthracnose, and leaf spot.- Ref: www.masterclass.com
If we conclude
the best thing about neem oil uses as an insecticide is to use it when you think about avoiding chemical pesticides, and fungicides and want to do organic gardening & kitchen gardening. You can use it as both a preventive measure as well as a cure for infestation. Regular use at a defined interval is good but always be vigilant about plants and how they react after spraying neem when used for preventive use. Learn more like this about gardening – How to start a garden- A beginner’s guide 
First, take water in a bucket then add liquid dish wash mix them well and then add oil, mix thoroughly. Use around 4 liters of water and one tablespoon of neem oil. If you are applying for preventive purposes you can spray it at intervals of 7-10 days, and if there is an infestation, reapply for a few days and spray like plenty till it drips off the plants. Don’t forget to wear gloves.
How to make neem oil mixture for spary on plant ?
Use around 4 liters of water and one tablespoon of neem oil, and mild dishwashing liquid. Better to have protective wear, gloves, and a mask. Garden spray, one container to make a mixture, water, neem oil, and mild dishwashing detergent liquid. We use neem oil spray and while we make it we add some liquid soap, there is a chemistry behind it when we add mild detergent into the water it allows the water and oil to mix. Because naturally water and oil don’t mix, so we need such an emulsifying agent. And such diluted detergent also acts as a garden pesticide.
How to use neem oil for plants ?
We described it here in detail.
Can you use neem oil in the garden ?
Yes you can use neem oil garden as described in the article here with instructions
Where to buy neem oil for plants
You can buy neem oil from Agricultural products shops or Online, and farmers’ co-operatives, etc.
What plants not to use neem oil on ?
Plants that have a rough surface mean leaf hair, needles, and other types of arrangements that allow them to hide. And also avoid some maranta plants with fuzzy leaves.
Can you use neem oil on all plants?
Yes, you can except plants that have rough surfaces. Because pests can hide in rough leaf surfaces plants for example plants with leaf which has root hairs etc.
Can I spray my plant with neem oil everyday?
No, it’s harmful to the plant in a long run.
What is the ratio of neem oil to water?
Use around 4 litters of water and one tablespoon of neem oil, and pinch of mild dishwashing liquid.
Can I spray neem oil on soil?
Can you put neem oil directly on plants?
Yes, we can spray them on plants as described above by making a solution.
Can neem oil affect birds, fish, or other wildlife?
Neem oil is practically non-toxic to birds, mammals, bees, and plants. Neem oil is slightly toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms. Azadirachtin, a component of neem oil, is moderately toxic to fish and other aquatic animals. It is important to remember that insects must eat the treated plant to be killed. Therefore, bees and other pollinators are not likely to be harmed.
When should I give neem oil to plants?
Use neem oil biweekly for preventive measure.
How much neem oil per litre of water to use?
Use around 4 liters of water and one tablespoon of neem oil, and a pinch of mild dishwashing liquid. Better to have protective wear, gloves, and a mask.
If a little bit of space is available in and around your home we can convert it into a beautiful kitchen garden.
Some people make a beautiful garden in that space and some utilize it by growing food, to fulfill their daily vegetable needs.
We can use spare land around our home, terrace, and balcony for making a kitchen garden.
Doctors who incorporated nutrition and food recommended that one adult should take at least 300 grams of vegetables in daily food.
There are organic vegetables also available in the market but it’s not at affordable prices, and regular vegetables come into the market after exposure to pesticides. So you may have health risks in the future.
So if you have space and can spare at least 1-2 hours a day it’s best to grow your own vegetables At home.
There will be some challenges when you start making it, but after some practice, you can conquer that.
The problem you’ll face like a low germination ratio after seed sowing, less yield, poor quality of vegetables, and pest infestation.
But in the end, everything can be conquered if you be consistent, and don’t lose your courage and hope. You can do it.
Start by growing easy food crops like tomato, chili, and capsicum. Because some crops need a little bit of experience for example some Cucurbitaceae creeper veggies need some manual pollination also.
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Benefits of growing Vegetables at Home:
Any time you can have veggies in a kitchen garden
You can have less costly veggies than the market if you plan a kitchen garden in your home.
Free from pesticide residue, because we use farm yard manure at home, and some organic way of pesticide removal techniques, to get organic produce.
You can manage your spare time to have some body movements in your garden to keep you healthy.
Children at home learn this gardening at an early stage of life and understand its importance of it. If you plant a small kitchen garden in your home
Usually, people complain that even after hard work we don’t have a good production of vegetables in a kitchen garden.
There are lots of reasons behind it, but the main reason could be as below:
Always select vegetables as per recommended weather and season by agriculture universities or state government boards etc.
Enough span of daylight should be there.
For vegetable crops, it’s good to plan per Kharif, Ravi, and Summer.
For vegetables like Brinjal, chili, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, and Onion we should grow them in seed trays when they become seedlings uproot them, and plant them on decided soil.
Ivy gourd (Tindora), Bottle gourd, and Pointed gourd (parval) can be planted near supporting fences, and walls, or by providing trailing mess or rods.
In a shady area, you can grow vegetables like Alavi, Dhana, Methi, Fudino, Spinach (palak), Ginger( Adrak, adu), etc.
We can make a small compost pit In the corner of the garden, so we can dump garden waste, and grass leaves in it to make compost for our own requirement of organic produce vegetables.
If we have more space in the garden we can also plan papaya, curry neem, drum stick (saragavo), lemon, and banana or one of them.
Timely practices like shallow digging of soil, fertilizer, water, and crop protection should be taken.
We would keep necessary gardening equipment like Kodali, Datrada, Khurpi, Pavado, Rake (panjethi), knapsack spray, etc.
Here are the plants for the kitchen garden (in India as well):
Tukada ( 1-1.5 feet cut twigs of the creeper from an old plant)
Tindola (IVY/Little gourd)
Tukada ( 1-1.5 feet cut twigs of the creeper from an old plant )
Cut shoot branch
How to grow seedlings
While planning a kitchen garden usually for crops like Brinjal, chili, tomato, cabbage, cauliflower, and onion we need to grow seedlings on the raised bed before they get planted in the decided space.
First, we need a well-researched and well-revised seed for it.
For growing seedlings, we need to make necessary measured raised beds, by mixing well-cured FYM, and then at the distance of 8-10 cm and 1-2 cm deep put a seed of the crop you need. Cover them with light soil, and soon after water them.
It will take 3-4 weeks of time to grow.
You can grow seeds in tea cups available in the market or in small polythene bags.
And also buy seedlings from sellers around you.
Kitchen gardening at home planning
Brinjal, Chili, Tomato, Okra, Bottle gourd, Cucumber etc.
Garlic, Onion, Radish, Carrot, Peas, Coriander, Phenugreek, etc.
A mostly horticultural crop like well-drained goradu (loamy) and medium black soil.
In-home soil it is good to add kanp (Loam) and compost fertilizers.
Dig the soil well first, let it dry for a few days and then level it.
They do the measuring of the plot and make necessary lots. First plant layout on paper with calculation.
Soil is a very important factor in growing vegetables in the kitchen garden. If the soil around our home is not good, we need to add some good farm soil to the garden. Which should be termite and weed-free.
If you don’t want to add outside fertilizers as described above you can sow jute seeds, by spreading them randomly. Before it starts in the flowering stage crush it. This will make it naturally fertilized.
After this, we can start sowing crops or plants or seedlings.
When we do have not enough space in case we live in a flat we can grow vegetables in deep pots trays and even in grow bags also.
For this, we need space on the terrace and a balcony with direct sunlight.
In big pots or grow bags you can plant Brinjal, Chilli, Tomato, bottle gourd, cucumber, etc, and in a less deep pot or bag you can grow fenugreek, Dhana palak successfully.
For more information on this, you can visit the nearest Agriculture university or contact an Agriculture scientist.
For soil preparation of the pot, you can make it with Half good earth soil + FYM or vermicompost half part, or we can add Diveli kohl Castor cake or Neem cake.
If the seed rate increases after the sowing of the seeds, we have thin, heightened, and weak stem seedlings, so sow them at recommended distances.
There are chances of seedling rotting while seeding preparation.
There are problems with seed beds like termites, red ants, and sucking pests.
We can apply Trichoderma to avoid sukaro (drying of a plant) and rotting in seedlings, Trichoderma can be applied to soil also.
If you want to reduce chemical fertilizer use, we can use Azatobector and phosphate culture.
Seed treatment: As per the size of the seed take 3-5 ml solution deep with them at least 1 kg seed in it. Let this seed dry in a cold place, when they dry use them.
Seedling treatment : 3-5 ml liquid biofertilizer add in clean 1-liter water, a seedling of the crop you are going to sow deep them in this solution for at least 15-20 minutes.
We can mix the 250 ml culture in 15-20kg compost fertilizer and then spread it on the soil.
We can spray solution made in 3-5ml in 1-liter water on the plant in the early morning, and in the late evening.
As per described in the table above these are planted with seeds, seeds need to grow in raised beds then seedlings get planted in the planting space.
Spacing for planting is described above.
Some vegetable grows by seed some by following seedling growing and some by tubers.
Watering: in summer they need water at intervals of 8-10 days and in winter they need water at intervals of 12-15 days.
Fertilizers: If we already applied organic fertilizers like composts etc. In base application, the soil is good and plants are growing very well we don’t need to apply chemical fertilizers. Still need arrives we can use Urea, Ammonium sulfate, and NPK, by acquiring proper guidance. And apply in very fewer quantities.
Crop protection in the Kitchen garden:
Mostly vegetables we grow at home we have some insect problems in the shoots, flowers, and fruits of the plants. So in the starting stage, it’s better to remove such infested plant parts. Better to do soil stirring around the plant base, so the life cycle brake.
We should not overwater plants.
Use neem cake and poultry manure to avoid soil-born diseases
Use neem oil spray to control pests in vegetables. This stops insects from laying eggs and as they can’t eat sprayed leaves slowly they die.
Other than this we can use pheromone traps, yellow marigold planting, sticky strips, etc to control pests.
If the need arrives to spray pesticide don’t spray here and there do seek expert advice before spraying it.
Benefits of Kitchen Garden:
Benefits of growing vegetables at Home.
You can have fresh vegetables at home throughout the year whenever you wish.
You can save money by growing at home.
We usually grow veggies without using pesticides at home so we have pest-free veggies at home.
You can make worth of your spare time, at this makes us healthy also.
We can educate our children about flowers, crops, and crop management in real time.
We can save wastewater in our garden by reusing it. So by reducing pollution also.
Kitchen garden produce is healthier than that market products and has more nutrients.
By using kitchen garden waste you can make home fertilizer also.
It makes the atmosphere around our home clean.
Bio pest control in Kitchen garden vegetables/crops
Growing a chemical-free crop around our home is a different joy. Mostly in kitchen gardening Fungal, insects, worms, and virus-borne seed, soil, and air-borne diseases occur.
While we grow at our home we wish that these veggies be free from chemical insecticides.
And have veggies without the residual effects of chemical pesticides.
So compare to other pest control types, organic pest control types are easy, cheap, and safe for the environment.
In general, when we grow around at home we found some diseases like sukaro (drying of the plant), bijno kovaro (seed rot), dharuno kovaro, root no kovaro (root rot), Gandthva krumi, panchrangio, kokadva (leaf curl), and pilo panchrangio are main.
Organic pest control is also important in the case of combined disease control.
In organic pest and disease control, we use fungi, organisms like Trichoderma, bacillus, pseudomonas, pesilomisis sp, etc, which controls harmful fungi, organism, and worms.
Biochemicals also provide immunity to plants.
One must have technical knowledge while using biocontrol.
To increase the power of the bio pest control
Pest control in a kitchen garden
Mostly in kitchen gardening, we do at home we find pests on plant parts like shoots, twigs, flowers, and fruits.
So we need to remove such parts in the early stages of the infestations is good.
So, we can break different life cycle stages of the pests.
Do not overwater.
By using biofertilizers and vermicomposts, poultry manure, neem cake termite, and worms can be prevented.
Leaves extracted from some local trees and plants like Karan, mahudao, Arduso, and yellow Nerium can be also sprayed on plants to control pests. Out of these plants, neem is very good at pest control.
We can use fresh neem leaves (10%) and neem seed extract (5%), found effective in decreasing the pest population.
Such formulas play a role in stopping pests from putting their eggs, and they die by eating sprayed leaves.
Rather than this, we can also use a pheromone trap, planting of the yellow inka, and sticky trap also.
Even after doing this if you still have a pest problem you can use pesticides by taking expert advice instead using rough use of it.
1. Dharu no kohvaro (rotting of seedling)- use only the necessary seed quantity. If cloudy weather and heavy rain are there while seedling planting uses 0.6 Bordo mixture ( 600gms morthuthu, 6000gms chuno (lime), in 100-liter water. You can study more about Bordo mixture). Metalaxyl MZ 72% to use 15gms/100 liters water. Then use 3 liters per 1 square meter by jara (garden watering can).
2. Leaf spots – in different vegetables leaf spots occur to different pests. At starting of the disease spray 30gms/10ltr water mixture of mancozeb(75%) on a standing crop.
3. White bhuki charo (powdery mildew)- to control this use we table sulfur by making a mixture of 25gms/10ltr water.
4. Sukaro (dryign) and kohvaro (rotting)- For this, we can use Trichoderma fungi as per the recommendation
By learning the basics of kitchen gardening as described you can start planting vegetables at your home to have healthy food at home. It helps to utilize your spare time and gives you light exercise also. After having a good experience you can reduce fertilizer and pesticide use and can go complete organic also in a long run. so read in detail you will definitely have all the basic knowledge of the kitchen garden. Still query you can write to us we will try our best to answer your question.
Reference: “Kitchen garden matena safal upayo” Anand Agriculture University, Anand- Authors: Dr. B H Patel, Dr. V I Joshi, Dr. R R Acharya, Dr. B S Patel, Dr. M R Dabhi. Publisher: Dr. P P Patel
The ‘how to growlawn grassis the main task and its central part of the garden. It provides green canvasing to the whole garden. And the rest of the garden is getting arranges surrounding it. you need to plant a lawn grass type as per your requirement means is it going to used for play are or general-purpose. If for general-purpose soft regular lawns grass is ok (i.e.Selection one, Rough lawn).
Today we are on the topic of how to grow lawn grass. In the last article, we just learned how to pave the borders. Bricks and paver blocks shape the overall look of the Garden. Now we start or head to planting work.
Whenever you start to learn how to grow lawn grass one thing is to keep in mind that two periods of the year are good to grow a lawn. One is in the summer and the other is
Table of Contents
How to grow lawn grass- consists of two parts
One is the green part and the other is the technical part.
Now you guys will say what is the green part and what is technical part let me explain it.
1. Green part: –
This means whatever we plant and which grows over time for example planting a Tree, Shrub, growing lawn grass, etc.
2. Technical part –
It means the basic work of making soil leveling, digging, plowing, and making Paver block fitting. And some civil work like making of Fountain, water bodies for some aquatic plants, fishpond, etc.
Today we learn to plant Garden lawns. Because in most cases a typical Garden consists of 50 To 60 percent lawn area.
And it also takes time to grow if you saw it by planting lawn cuttings from any other established healthy lawn.
Or you may buy readymade lawn blocks available in the market or by seed spreading also.
We grow lawn as the first part of the garden green work. Because it took around 2 to 3 months for a complete grown green cover like Look. Which will not have vacant spaces in between lawn plants.
You get the complete green clover-like appearance after sawing the lawn in and around 2-3 months in tropical weather.
Some warm weather suits it when you plant a lawn. In some weather conditions, it may take 4-5 months also.
Lawn development (How to grow lawn grass) consists of three steps as below:
The first step for growing lawn grass is base Fertilization (Fertilization of the soil).
And the last step is loan mowing by lawnmower machines on regular basis.
After following the above steps you get the complete green carpet-like lawn at the end of these practices. The basis of in which weather format you are planting a lawn may stretch the growth of the lawn.
So sometimes it may 4 to 5 months to take a complete appearance.
Now, why do we choose to plant a lawn first? Because in most cases a typical Garden consists of 50 To 60 percent of lawn area.
1. Fertilization of the soil for growing lawn grass
Now we discuss/ understand the fast step that Fertilization of the soil before planting a lawn. We just studied and understood the basic step of land preparation in the previous article here in this blog. So you may find the detailed land preparation in that article.
Here we have completely prepared land as we learned in the past article.
Meanwhile, we have to spread some part of FYM that is farm Yard manure. “Matlab desi animal ke Gobar mein se Bani Hui Sukhi Khad” and DAP is a chemical granule fertilizer that has the full form of Di Ammonium phosphate.
This is considered useful as a base fertilizer for planting lawns in any crop on the farms.
It has a slow-releasing capacity. So meanwhile it provides a parallel supplement of nutrients to the lawn as it develops daily.
The requirement for the area can be calculated as below
Approximately 2 kg DAP and 10-15 kg FYM for the area of
10 x 10 feet = 100 square feet area.
It’s a general base fertilizer requirement. But as we discussed soil here in the previous article that how to prepare your Soil before starting a Garden.
At their, we discussed the soil testing report which we get after the testing of our Soil. So you may have different requirements for the fertilization of your soil.
Then you need to follow those fertilizer recommendations instead of the ideal dose described here.
2. Clear soil from insects
The second step is removing insects from the soil, termites etcetera, etc. For removal use some insecticides which are available on the market. And go to the nearest agro pesticides supplier/vendor and ask them for termite removal chemicals and application dose it before applying it to your Garden.
If you have children at your home you have to be careful while using these chemicals. As they are poisonous, so after each use put it in a lock and key situation or storage. If not completely used. And if used completely then dump the pacing properly from out of reach of the children.
You can also ask a pesticide vendor for its detail and storage guidelines. As you may have questions that why doing Or following this step. We are especially doing this step for the removal of termites which are usually found in most soils.
If we do not remove this termite from this soil it will eat the roots of the newly planted lawn cuttings. And if we grow lawns by seeds then why do we need this termite application? So here I am explaining that if you grow by seed It’ll grow as a baby plant in the future.
And that plant also has a root zone, it can be damaged by termites. So whatever planting methods of lawn are but we need to follow this step. In most Indian soils termites are present.
There is the other problem of fungal infection that may also occur. As per experience, it is never found usually in it but if you found it you may treat the soil with fungicide.
3. Sawing off the lawn grass
We usually in India have the warm seasons grasses for lawn.
Due to the warm weather of the country for around 8 to 9 months a year atmosphere was found warm except for bad rainstorms and a few months of winter.
You can first see the lawn by planting grass seed as there is some seed spraying technique also available.
This technique is useful in the case of large areas and to get uniform growth of the lawn.
For example, the Golf course lawn development which usually consists of large lawn areas.
And when you are growing the lawn grass by the seed you need to buy the quality grass seed from a vendor/supplier.
And the second technique is how to grow lawn grass by cuttings/grass plants from old well-grown lawns.
For this, you have to scrape out any existing lawn patch with healthy lush green, insect-free green lawn with “pawda“. And it should be with a root zone for planting in your new garden area.
Usually, these lawn grass types are lawns common in the gardens as described below:
Here, describing the Top 3 types of lawn grass for the garden lawn which we can plant for our garden as per our location, sunlight, and choice we learned. So without wandering here and there for where to start and how to start garden lawn planting. All information is provided on the best garden lawns in India here. Always water the lawn in the morning for good retention of water. It gives good health against irregular timing of watering. If any pest appears on the lawn and you want to spray the pesticide over the lawn it’s good to choose a time of 4 to 6 o’clock in the evening, it gives good results. Hard sun to be avoided while spraying for any burning effects on leaves of lawns.
Today we discuss the Top 3 types of lawn grass for a garden lawn with grass names and pictures. Which is good and survives in different weather conditions in India. And the application of organic and inorganic (chemical) fertilization, replanting of lawn, weeding schedule, watering time, mowing schedule, etc.
Emailus or DM us on Instagram: garden_world_247 for gardening queries
Systematically planned and placed lawns make the color and texture of your garden floor. A well-drained lawn helps you satisfy both functional and aesthetic needs. It serves a comfortable look for outdoor activity while relaxing with the landscape.
Good and healthy lawn development requires a little bit of hard work and patience and utilities like
Trend change, as per time, sometimes garden gets designed with a big part of lawn among the total garden area and a sometimes small part of the lawn.
The most common three grass types in INDIA are 1. Selection one, 2. Carpet lawn, and 3. Rough lawn for detailed information on these lawns and planting and maintenance methods read below
Maintenance of these types of lawn grass is easy yet not that easy. Because if we follow the proper procedure of regular maintenance then it’s not that difficult to manage the good appearance and health of the lawn.
But if you are not so regular in maintaining, it becomes difficult to get a good appearance in the long run.
After that, you can go for the planting of the lawns. so you can have the best lawn.
There are 3 types of lawn grass for a garden lawn which are best selected for most gardens and also types of lawn grass in India.
1 Selection one
2 Carpet lawn
3 Rough lawn
we understand each lawn type step by step below:
1. Selection one lawn –
It’s the most used and loved lawn by the look and by maintenance also. And the best grass for a lawn in India when it’s come to maintenance, weather adaption, good appearance, and fewer termite problems.
In a multi-weather-like situation, it sets well and some warm weather is good for it. In India, it’s mostly used in gardens.
You can grow it with seeds, cuttings, and ready-made turf blocks available in your local nurseries.
How to grow these types of lawn grass? You can see the video below. manually growing it basic and easiest way.
The video is in Hindi language but you can watch it to do it practically.
In the winter its growth slows due to down temperatures. You can observe it in your garden. As it bears low-height shoots. But still, it maintains the best green look at this time of the year.
And in monsoon it gets thin and long you can see its scattered/see-through look you can easily see it.
This means its density gets lowest than a whole year.
We have to regularly mow it to get an even carpet-like green look. At least 10 days of the interval is good if you are managing a domestic garden like a home or farmhouse or community hall etc. It isn’t a problem you can follow the interval of 15 days also.
Whereas if you are having big areas like cricket grounds, or football grounds you can stretch the schedule to 15-20 days not more than this.
2. Carpet lawn
It’s not like the first one, it’s kind of a little bit hard leaves than the other two lawns described here.
A little bit spiny, you can feel it by walking barefoot and seating on the carpet lawn. It slightly stings while sitting on it when not mowed for a long time.
It’s also known as Korean carpet grass.
Nowadays it’s in demand in a short time for garden project completion. mostly in city planning and quick fit. Good for the short time frame of the Garden project completion.
Because it’s easily available in ready-made blocks in the dimension of 1×2 square feet piece.
So you have to just make the land ready (give some light dose of DAP fertilizer for long-term base fertilizer), level, and then start putting these blocks not leaving the space in between.
Don’t forget to apply termiticide before laying the blocks. Because termite loves their roots.
Even a dry lawn also attracts termites so don’t forget to water this lawn at regular intervals.
It’s a good lawn to stop stubborn weed areas. And very strong and thick compared to the other two lawns selected rough lawns.
The carpet lawn nicely fights Cyprus weed expansion. Not completely stops it but it controls it by 60-70% approximately.
You can also grow this lawn manually by planting root-bearing lawn cutting at a distance of 0.75 to 1 foot (leaving measurement around each cutting).
If you mow lawn late and deep then you can have exposed stems/roots and a pale yellowish look.
3. Rough lawn (paspalum)
This is the best lawn for shady and semi-shade areas that still grow nicely below the open sky. Paper-like thin leaves.
Need regular watering otherwise get down on irregular watering. In too hot weather leaf edges get burned.
It feels soft compared to a carpet lawn while walking barefoot.
It’s not dense as carpet lawn and selection one lawn so have some weeds seen. Thus need regular weeding at intervals of a few days.
Grow this lawn manually by planting root-bearing lawn cutting at a distance of 0.75 to 1 foot (leaving measurement around each cutting).
At least 10 days of the interval is good for lawn mowing if you are managing a domestic garden like a home or farmhouse or community hall etc.
For mowing, you can use electric or petrol-run lawn mowers as well as manual lawn mowers for four types of machines.
Manual lawn mowers are not a good choice if you have a carpet lawn because it takes some effort in mowing this lawn.
So here we complete the brief learning of types of lawns.
Winters are the best period for giving fertilizers to any lawn. Because in most cases we use chemical fertilizers for their better look-after establishment. Flood watering is good after the application of chemical fertilizers.
These chemical Fertilizers (for ex. Urea) are warm in nature. So during the bulk application, it’s good to choose winter. So burning of lawn shoots or whole lawn dry patches of the lawns can be avoided compared to summer application.
It’s OK to apply such Fertilizers in any weather but winter is a better option.
The best fertilizer for lawn grass in India
One of the best fertilizers for the Top 3 types of lawn grass for a garden lawn as explained above are UREA, COMPOST/FYM, and vermicompost. You can also use this fertilizer for other types of lawn grass.
Urea for lawn grass :
It’s the main source of nitrogen and is also widely used in agriculture also. But here we use it for lawn development and to make it lush green and healthy.
It’s available in crystal form. And contains 46% nitrogen.
It can be applied to soil as a solid or as a foliar spray.
Slow-release Ureais also available in the market which is useful for all three types of lawn grass.
The very basic style you can apply to the lawn is to get your palm full of it and throw widely as many areas as you can cover, this is enough for any regularly maintained lawn.
After application of the urea watering is a must, at least for 4-5 days two times a day continuously if possible, or one time a day with a good amount of water. And yes immediately after spreading the Urea on the lawn.
After the application of the Urea, we should not break the watering schedule as I said above. Otherwise, there are chances of the burning of the lawn.
COMPOST/FYM for lawn grass :
Compost is the best organic natural Fertilizer which is full of microorganisms.
It’s the microorganisms that play a vital role in the development of grass or any crop as well.
They make the nutrition available for the lawn.
VERMI-COMPOST for lawn grass:
It’s made from the decomposition of earth soil by earthworms (as used mostly in India), red wigglers, and white worms.
You can buy organic vermicompost online as well as from local nurseries also.
Best organic fertilizer for lawns and garden plants.
Extra care points
Whatever type of lawn grass type you grow as per your requirements, all lawns are good as per particular accommodation.
If you notice over a period of time all lawn gets down, and weeding frequencies increase. Even an overall look can get a dull little bit. So replanting can be a good option after a few years.
So there are two ways to get it done one by replanting and the other by some series of practices. Like aggressive weeding, timely application of fertilizers, watering, etc.
Regular lawn mowing is best for the health of the lawn and its green even appearance. If you mow the lawn on an irregular base lawn will grow in height. and after that when you cut the lawn cream/pale yellow stem part of the lawn plant bottom will appear.
And as a result, you will have an ugly cream-colored look instead of a green look.
Deep cutting of the lawn is good but not regular/frequent, you can do it three to four times a year,
Usually, we call it zero-cut lawn mowing.
You can use some good electric lawn mowers as well as a manual lawn mower for lawn cutting your lawn for it to have fine even cutting. These practices are good for all types of lawn grass.
In Replanting, you need to scrape all the existing laws and then the same lawn can be replanted by screening them for weeds carefully. only healthy shoots can be selected.
An open scraped area needs to plow or a rotavator can be moved and the backyard garden can be deep dug manually with a pickaxe ( always check for safety like underground electric cables, pipelines, etc. You can read more after practice forgrowing lawns.
When we walk on the same lawn area over and over that area starts losing lawns sometimes lawns completely get away so we need to plant a new lawn.
But as a prevention when you start seeing such symptoms on the lawn, you should avoid walking in such areas frequently at least for one or two months. On a prevention base, you can sprinkle gypsum powder from any nearest agri. store.
You can use chlorpyriphosfor drenching the soil to avoid termites and other insects in the soil which can bother the lawn growth in the future
Practice other than Replanting
And in other practices when you don’t need to replant you need to dethatch your lawn and after dethatch, you can move the lawnmower on it to collect the dethatched lawn (see video below).
If you have a small lawn area you can rake at regular intervals to make the lawn clean and healthy
Then you can spread the soil mixture to rejuvenate A generalized ideal mixture of earth soil 80% + fine sifted river sand not more than 20% to maintain the porosity.
You can add pesticide (*while using pesticide always check and follow safety rules) for termite treatment or any other pest problem.
Do you find helpful details about the 3 types of lawn grass for garden lawns? then don’t forget to share and comment.
which grass is good for lawn in india?
In India and in tropical and semi-tropical areas three best lawns are : 1 Selection one 2 Carpet lawn 3 Rough lawn (paspalum). Most commonly used in India and other countries as well.
What is the softest lawn grass?
Selection one lawns are the best and soft as most commonly used in India. It’s low maintenance also.
Can dry lawn grass become green when planted?
Not at all but it depends, but on what time ago it got uprooted it matters. If roots are live there may be chances of survival.
How can I improve my lawn grass?
One can improve it by regular watering at least one time a day, it’s good to water in the morning. Dethatching of the lawn mostly can be good as per the requirement of the lawn. Lawn mowing at least two times a month for even growth. And insect treatment if required. Regular fertilization at least three times a year.
Can dry lawn grass become green when planted
Yes, regular watering may get results. But not at all it depends, on what time ago it got uprooted matters. If roots are live there may be chances of survival.
Do read the full article for complete understanding and don’t forget to share, and comment.
Soil for Bonsai, Every plant needs a medium to grow.
So like most other plants soil is a medium where plants grow. It’s the best medium for the bonsai plant also. A quarter of the soil decides the quality of growth of the plant. It’s good to understand basic preparation for soil.
There are lots of books and guides are available for this, but we discuss the material which available in our country.
So one must prepare the Bonsai soil mix India, mixture From the material available around us.
Table of Contents
What is an ideal mixture? [Bonsai soil mix India composition]
An ideal mixture that provides sufficient water, and nutrition in the form of minerals, and oxygen for roots.
It should be easily drained out soil mixture.
But it should retain some water to the requirements of the plant so it’s not getting dry while day time.
Also, be careful with water-logging it is very bad for fine root aeration and can down the plant.
Broken brick pieces can be used for brown-red soil which is not sticky and too fine in texture.
And river sand is useful for grey clay-like soil.
Brick and sand pieces are very good for small tender root formation.
The availability of small roots increases the plant’s capacity to acquire more oxygen, water, and nutrients.
Porous brick parts are good for moisture holding.
For a period of time to provide a good amount of nutrition good rotten cow dung manure or leaf-mold compost is helpful for bonsai plant growth.
Even good earth soil also provides strength to root soil.
A balanced soil mixture contains three materials garden soil, manure, and brick pieces. It is suitable for the majority of bonsai plants.
Soils you can use for – bonsai soil mix India composition
Akadama, Pumice, lava rock, Organic potting compost, and fine gravel are also known as grit.
All these contain together to make the best soil for the bonsai plant. This soil mixture is a bit different than other garden and pot mixtures like our regular soil.
Generally referred bonsai soil it’s a mixture of material like crushed lava rock. Which is look like gravel?
A type of soil especially produced for the bonsai plants. You can buy it online brought soil need to be shifted before use as it starts losing its compounding over a period from one year onward.
Or you may mix it well with well-drained soil to maintain aeration in the soil
Akadama is a hard premium soil mostly used by Japanese master gardeners for succulents and bonsai also.
It gets mined from volcanic soil in Japan.
Usually, it appears dark when watered and gets light in color when water gets off. So you can estimate the water requirements of the plant by it.
It’s the best soil that provides moisture retention & drainage at the same time.
This soil is also good for conifers, and succulents.
The good part about this soil is it’s highly porous in nature so holds nutrients and manages the overall drainage quality of the soil.
Akadama (akadamatsuchi, red ball earth). There are two types of it available. Surface mined and deep mined. Deep mined is more useful in horticulture than surface mining.
It can be mixed with other soil medium components like crushed lava, peat, and leaf biomass.
It’s unique for its characteristic so even though it’s costly it gets recommended by expert gardeners. It retains water, nutrients and has porosity, and also allows good drainage.
It originated in Japan, mostly due to volcanic activities n Japan. So they have developed two soils Akadama and Kanuma.
Its particle size is mostly around 2-6 mm and its fine particle size is 1-2.2 mm.
All size is good for potted plants but, a small size referred to as Shohin is good for cactus and succulents plants.
Usually, ready mix bonsai soil is available in the markets and online also. But it’s getting costlier and to make mixture your self is cheap and good for our plant’s requirement.
In the case of bonsai, poor soil mixtures lack the overall health of the plants, and soil types that get hard quickly and dry are harmful to Bonsai and other plants also.
The world Akadama is red for color and the ball is for its shape. This material comes from Volcanic clay from Japan. It’s. Get mined and then backed for desired hardiness hardness. Then sifted before use or sell.
The good and beneficial part is when Akadama used while planting roots need less water and as it gets regular watering particles breaks in smaller parts and old roots hold them and they need more water so this is how they solve the purpose for thick bonsai stem look through proper root growth with the help of the Akadama soil.
There are soil mixtures also available with Akadama in it.
It’s an airy rock that is good to use for cacti & succulents, And for other plants also.
It is generally gets born from heavily heated earth. A bubbled volcanic rock material is what we call Pumice.
Pumice porosity let microbial life grow so it also maintains the soil structure. It has a neutral PH and bears some trace material also.
If mixed with sandy soil it increases soil absorption. It improves aeration and stimulates the growth of mycorrhiza.
How to use Pumice as a soil amendment?
Especially to improve drainage for heat tolerating plants such as succulents, and cactus you can mix 20% Pumice with 27% earth soil and 27% large grain sand & 27% compost (FYM). Is an ideal bonsai soil mix ratio of pumice.
You can use 40-50% pumice for plants like euphorbias which are prone to rotting.
It can be used as a top dressing to defend piddling rainwater around plants.
You can use 40-60% pumice with potting soil mix for cactus & euphorbia.
It does not break down. Heavy soil gets loosened by it. Improves aeration and stops compacting of the soil.
Bonsai soil mix India composition [bonsai soil making]
Usually, the Japanese method filters soil with different sieves to yield 7 grades of soil, but here we don’t require that much. Firstly dry the soil mixture, and break lumps.
Sift through the sieve of two squares to 2.5cms
Then throw away stones which not pass through.
Then pass the mixture to the fine sieve of four meshes to 2.5cms
Keep material that is left in the sieve after the filter.
It’s a coarse mixture used at the bottom
The remainder will be once more sifted to a sieve of 32 meshes to 2.5cms, so fine dust will pass through this sieve.
This fine dust is not good for the plant it hardens the mixture and aeration to roots. And also disturbs the drainage.
Now the mixture that remained on top needs to pass through a sieve of 16 meshes to 2.5cms. The passed mixture is called topsoil.
Bonsai soil mixture proportions vary to different plant requirements.
We can manage the mixture if some plant needs dry soil you can add more brick pieces and sand to the mixture. If any plant requires good water retention then we can add soil and manure mixture to the soil mixture.
But we need to be a little bit vigilant for moisture checks as per plant requirements and its health.
How to make Bonsai soil mix India easily as a beginner
We are going to learn a very basic mixture of the available material around. And cost-effective so any beginner/ Newbie can start.
Below are the main bonsai soil ingredients/ bonsai soil mix ratio :
Earth soil/ Garden soil (50%)
Well, drained earth soil/garden soil. For better holding and nutrients supplements of the roots. This soil is a common part of all soil mixtures.
Gravel/ red brick particle (20%)
We can make it from materials like Gravel/ red brick particles, Earth soil, cocopeat, and FYM (compost)
Gravel /grit or Red brick particle sized from 0.3 inches to 0.8 inches. It provides good aeration to the root systems of the Bonsai Plant.
Cocopeat (15%)– this will you need in a little bit quantity but it’s just for the better water retention Because compared to other plants in regular deep pots bonsai plants’ soil gets dry soon in less deep tray planters. So cocopeat is best for moisture holding and if not available you can replace it with Sphagnum mass or Peat moss.
And last but not least Compost (FYM). It’s the best source of most of the nutrients required for the bonsai plant.
We aim to provide the most practical garden learning here hope you learn very well how to make bonsai soil mix in India.
Find it helpful don’t forget to share.. it is free 🙂
What is Akadama soil?
Akadama is a naturally occurring substance that means “red earth ball’. It exactly looks like clay in color. But actually, it’s not clay.
It’s get mined from volcanic surroundings in Japan.
After mining it gets dried then gets backed to the desired temperature and then sifted to different sized grades.
In general, you can refer to it as volcanic Pumice.
Can I mix Akadama with soil?
Depending upon plant species you can mix Akadama with growing material such as sand, peat and compost, and earth soil.
Is Akadama soil good?
It is useful both as per topping material as well as a soil medium for growth. And gets mixed with other materials like sand, peat, and compost to make growing material for Bonsai/Plants.
It has a good span of repotting. You need to replace it around 5-7 years later.
Good for root growth
Best for water retention
Improves nutrients retention
Good drainage ability
What can I use instead of Akadama?
After 2 to three-year Akadama start breaking down, so its results in less aeration. Then we need to re-pot. Hence we need to mix it with other well-draining soil components.
You can use kitty litter instead of Akadama or Pumice also. Or other soil mixture containing peat moss, coco peat, perlite, river sand, etc.